for electronics fixed media
Programme note
Society, as we have constituted it, will have no place for me, has none to offer;
but Nature, whose sweet rains fall on unjust and just alike, will have clefts in the rocks where I may hide,
and secret valleys in whose silence I may keep undisturbed.

(Oscar Wilde, De Profundis)

Love is the voice under all silences,
The hope which has no opposite in fear;
The strength so strong mere force is feebleness:
The truth more first than sun more last than star

(E.E. Cummings, 95 Poems, No. 94)

The Japanese word 間 (ma) is one that is difficult to translate easily into other languages. The concept it embodies is a spatial one, specifically the gap between two discrete structural parts or elements, with associated connotations of an interval or pause. Steven Bindeman, in Silence in Philosophy, Literature, and Art, has described 間 as "the simultaneous awareness of form and non-form … Ma is not created by compositional elements, but takes place in the imagination of someone who experiences these elements. Therefore it can best be defined as the experiential place that is held by an interval." As such, 間 is often regarded as an embodiment of 'negative space', where the apparent absence of substance or form or sound is rendered concrete and tangible.

The 間 cycle was developed during a dark and painful period of my life, a time when i was fixating upon silence, searching to find my artistic voice. My response took shape through meditation on the concept of 間, in which silence is not a simple absence or emptiness but rather becomes a focal point, with a shape, character, and energy that all contribute to a larger whole.

The composition process began with recordings made during the traditional Anglican service of Evensong. Everything was then removed from the recordings with the exception of the brief silences that fall between the various sections of the service, fragments of sound capturing echoes, resonances, and glimpses of ambience. These fragments were then used as the sound palette for a series of improvisations that formed the basis for each of the pieces in the cycle. They were subjected to extensive processing and sculpting, and are only occasionally heard in their raw state.

The concept of 間 implies a certain degree of tranquility and calm, but the emphasis in the 間 cycle is focused on connotations of negativity. Put simply, this is angry music, veering between nervous, fretful twitching and unbridled, distorted ferocity. Rage and obsession are recurring traits throughout, manifesting in harsh, acidic, repetitive clatter and throbbing pulses, and even in the more quiet passages the music is designed to emphasise tension, unrest and a pervading sense of ominous dread. Listening through headphones or in an extremely quiet space is especially recommended due to the extremely quiet and subtle material that features in several of the pieces.

I. mightily forgetting all which will forget him (emptying our soul of emptiness) priming at every pore a deathless life with magic until peace outthunders silence
II. }rest{
III. i see thee then ponder the tinsel part they let thee play
IV. from Silence; of Nothing
V. O visible beatitude sweet sweet intolerable!
VI. Negative Silence (detail)
VII. [ULTRA]—infra
VIII. what neither is any echo of dream nor any flowering of any echo (but the echo of the flower of Dreaming)
“…I think this is a work of great beauty. The music is part quiet and majestic, slow and minimal and has occasional bursts of loudness, of a massive eruption occasionally and controlled streams of molten lava…”
Frans de Waard, Vital Weekly, 1120